Two academics believe that, according to The Conversation. In a 2016 lecture by Professor David Tombs titled, Tombs shared his belief that historical and scriptural evidence on Roman crucifixions suggests that sexual humiliation and sexual violence was a prominent feature of the event. David Tombs is Howard Paterson Professor of Theology and Public Issues and Director for Theology and Public Issues at the University of Otago, New Zealand. In a report by Independent, Dr. Katie Edwards, Director of the Sheffield Institute for Interdisciplinary Biblical Studies at the University of Sheffield also shares Tombs belief that . Edwards and Tombs believe that people are unwilling to accept that Jesus was sexually abused because of gender. The authors claim that society views male and female nudity differently.